Learning Different Methods Of Constructivism In Classroom

Students in classroom

Education is the foundation of knowledge that holds the students' right direction and intensity of learning. The schooling phase is a developmental aspect for these students to see the vitality of growth and a method to achieve it. Among many processes used to enhance the learning experience for students, constructivism in the classroom is one of the most efficient methods known by teachers. 


This is a powerful way to engage students in their learning and empower them to take ownership of their education. It is a powerful tool used in instructional teaching, and when implemented correctly, it can have tremendous benefits for students. Lets explore constructivism and how it can be used in the classroom to enhance learning and student engagement.


What is Constructivism?


Theoretically, constructivism in the classroom boosts the active learning agenda for the students. The fundamental factor of this method is aiming at conveying the message that knowledge is constructed. Teachers must idealize the philosophy that learning is an ongoing process and knowledge is the progressive outcome of diligently doing it. Constructivism in classroom is vital because students must be consistently engaged in developing their connections of information.


In the classroom, constructivism encourages students to explore their learning experiences and develop their ideas about the material they are studying. This type of instruction encourages students to think critically and draw on their adventures to gain understanding. In addition, constructivism promotes collaboration and encourages students to work together to solve problems.


Principles of Constructivism


Students in the classroom are rising their hands


Constructivism upholds that all learners must acknowledge external activities like interactions, exploring the world, and more. This advances their possibilities of gaining more knowledge and builds suitable bridges. Constructivism in classroom also contributes to students' cognitive development, learning from the environment rather than in solitude. However, this approach does require structured guidance for students to achieve the results.


Another principle of constructivism focuses on knowledge being constructed through active participation in activities. This is the core premise of constructivism in classroom that students can use to their advantage in growing holistically.


Benefits of Constructivism in the Classroom


Constructivism in the classroom is highly fruitful for establishing students' active, enthusiastic role in learning. This ultimately develops the motivation and strength of the students to take initiative in all the experiences they get together. Once the students understand the importance of taking charge of their own growth, they develop critical thinking and begin ideating to fetch the meaning of everything they learn. 


Furthermore, constructivism promotes collaboration and social interaction among students. This can foster community in the classroom and increase student respect. Constructivism can help teachers assess student understanding more meaningfully, as they can observe students as they construct their knowledge of the material.


How to Implement Constructivism in the Classroom


Constructivism in the classroom has a few vital steps to be implemented accurately, which begin with the environment where the students study. Here, educators are supposed to make it conducive to learning by encouraging various activities. They can shape the curriculum to become highly interactive for students when learning. The next important step is to give the perfect instructions and guidance to the students about their roles. This will help students understand what is expected of them and how to approach the material. Finally, teachers should allow students to work together to explore the material. This can include discussions, group work, and other collaborative activities.


Types of Constructivism


smiling schoolboy doing his work in classroom


Cognitive Constructivism


Cognitive abilities are the qualities in students that make them capable of comprehending their environment and interpreting the information around them. Constructivism in the classroom aims to develop the student's cognitive skills that strengthen their reasoning about everything they learn. Through this quality, they can build the relativity of the concepts they learn with the environment around them that gives them the meaning of that knowledge. 


Piaget is known for identifying four primary stages of development, i.e., sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational. The order of these stages remains the same across cultures. Piaget believes each child experiences these stages in the same order. These stages help learners learn new knowledge by relating it with things they know already, allowing them to change their previous knowledge to adapt to further information.


Social Constructivism


As proposed by Lev Vygotsky, social constructivism in classroom is all about building the social context of all the activities that are taking place. Through this type of constructivism, the students develop their social responsibility, which influences their behavior towards other peers and teachers. This also shapes their minds about the world around them and their responsibility towards others they coordinate with.


Knowledge develops from how persons in a society interact with one another. Students depend upon others to help build their learning and building blocks. They need to have support to construct their knowledge. Social constructivism is closely related to cognitive constructivism with the additional element of peers and societal influence.


Radical Constructivism


Coined by Von Glasersfeld, this type of constructivism in classroom adheres to reality, truth, and humanitarian principles. This is the core of how the world works; students get a better hang of the fact and develop a stronger opinion. This makes them less likely to be manipulated, and they can stand up for their beliefs.


Radical constructivism is relatively different from social and cognitive constructivism. It focuses on the notion that students and the knowledge they construct do not tell things that are real, only help people to live and work in their environment. The basic idea is that knowledge is developed, not discovered. The stuff we discuss on the table is just interpretations of knowledge, making it difficult to know the truth.


Examples of Constructivist Strategies


Constructivism in classroom holds many opportunities for students to bolster their overall growth through different activities. Students get the chance to work with their peers and solve problems together. They can also research and explore new concepts by developing hypotheses. Students encounter numerous problems and their solutions through projects focused on them. Teachers can also arrange different activities that physically put the students in the situation to experience their learning.


Constructivism and Technology


Technology can be a powerful tool for implementing constructivism in the classroom. Technology-based activities can engage students in their learning and allow them to explore topics in new and exciting ways. Students can use online tools to collaborate on projects or engage in virtual field trips or simulations. Technology can facilitate discussions and give students access to information.


Constructivism and Assessment


Constructivism can also assess student understanding more meaningfully. Rather than relying on tests and quizzes, teachers can use constructivist assessments to observe and evaluate student learning. This type of assessment allows teachers to get an accurate picture of student understanding and can provide valuable insight into how students construct their knowledge.




Constructivism is a powerful tool for teachers to use in the classroom. It encourages students to participate in their learning actively and helps create an environment conducive to meaningful learning. By implementing constructivist strategies and leveraging technology, teachers can create an engaging and empowering learning experience for their students.